Eye Diseases and Eye Disorders
Visual disturbances occur along with factors that arise as a result of environmental and genetic factors. It is known that eye diseases negatively affect the quality of human life in this sense. It is formed as a result of damage to the structure of the eye and the surrounding tissues.
The eyelids are involved in the point of protection from negative factors coming from the outside. Then there is the clear layer of the eye, the tear ducts, and the lens of the eye. Finally, the periocular nerve tissue also plays an active role in visual functions.
What are Eye Diseases?
The causes of diseases that endanger eye health can be examined under several headings. Eye diseases may be caused by factors such as retinal problems associated with aging, diabetes, and intraocular pressure. Cataracts, in which the lens of the eye loses its transparency, are diseases that occur with age.
At the same time, some visual disturbances may occur due to developmental causes after birth. Conditions such as lazy eye, color blindness, eyelid disorders, and strabismus can threaten people’s health. In addition, conjunctivitis, syphilis, and uveitis are seen in patients due to allergies and infections.
Early diagnosis and treatment processes are very important at this stage. Eye examinations should be performed regularly. In this sense, ocular structure and visual functions are targeted. The necessary examinations should be performed by physicians with experience in ophthalmology and health.
Eye Disorders Symptoms
There are some symptoms that people experience in the face of potential eye diseases. The appearance of signs of dryness, itching and swelling in the eyes. Symptoms such as severe eye pain, bleeding, and sensitivity to light appear. If family members suffer from high blood pressure, diabetes, glaucoma and cataracts, they should be examined by a medical professional.
Diagnostic methods include testing for vision loss, tonometry, and fundus scanning. A comprehensive examination of the retina and nervous tissue is carried out by means of drops instilled into the pupil of the eye.
The first eye examination of children is performed by a specialist after the sixth month. For adults, up to the age of 50, eye exams should be done twice a year. However, in exceptional cases, it may be scheduled at more frequent intervals.
What are the Treatment?
Visual impairments greatly limit our daily activities. For this reason, it is important to develop a treatment plan at the early levels before eye diseases reach serious proportions. There are different treatment methods depending on the type of health problem involved and its cause.
Devices such as the use of contact lenses and eyeglasses contribute positively to visual impairment. Depending on the evaluation by the specialist doctor, techniques such as surgical intervention and drug therapy are applied.
In this sense, it is very important to make the correct diagnosis of the patient. Experienced and competent doctors should be consulted. You can contact us with your questions about eye diseases and vision functions.